Umsiedlung (engl)


The resettlement of 1939/1940


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Table of contents: - Zieldef"HOME IN the REALM" the Hitler valley in pact


After the division of Poland by Germany and the USSR, with the occupation of the Soviet Union 1939, these governments closed a "Grenz and a Freundschaftsvertrag" on 28 September 1939; with a "Vertrauliches Protokoll". The contract sealed the fate of the German groups of peoples into and/or areas occupied by the Soviet Union still which can be occupied and formed the basis for as "Heim in the Reich" admitted resettlement action. The "Vertrauliche Protokoll" planned literally: "Die government of the persons of German descent, if they have the desire to move to Germany or into the German spheres of interest here no difficulties into the way put. It agrees with the fact that the removal of the assigned realm government is accomplished in agreement with the responsible local authorities and that thereby the real property rights of the emigrants to remain protected. An appropriate obligation takes over the German realm Reich regarding the Abstammung." Byelorussian Ukrainian in her spheres of interest resident persons or; Minutes of the ministers of foreign affairs Ribbentrop on German were signed and Molotow on Soviet side. Hitler valley in pact

Which before-floated Hitler, he let the public know on 6 October 1939 by his speech the realm day ago and quit therein a "neue order of the ethnographischen Verhaeltnisse" in Europe on. Already before outbreak of the Second World War the Suedtiroler for "hoehere became political Reichsinteressen" as the first foreignGerman group of peoples; sacrificed. In order not to load its alliance with Mussolini, Hitler closed an agreement, which placed the Suedtiroler before the alternative to opt or in their homeland remain either for the German nationality and thus for the resettlement in the German Reich and thus their Deutschtum give up on 23 June 1939. This led to sharp arguments within this group of peoples.
Resettlements of larger extent were accomplished in Eastern Europe, which arrived into the Soviet interest range. They concerned the Balten -, Wolhynien -, Galizien -, Bessarabien ones and Dobrudschadeut.
At the time of the realm tag speech of Hitler, the resettlement Baltendeut from Estland and Lettland was already introduced. For Wolhyniendeut, Galiziendeut and Germans of the Narewgebietes the Soviet armed forces were already present, when they experienced from the resettlement, since these areas belonged until already 1921 once to Russia. During the First World War the there living Germans were deportiert from tsarist authorities to Siberia and returned only again as their area 1921 to Poland counted. Again they were surprised to 17.09. 1939 of the penetration of the Red Army, which occupied east Poland. By a "Grenz and a Freundschaftsvertrag" with Germany the Soviet Union the conquered Polish territory could be awarded.
A further basis of the resettlement of the Germans from the area of past east Poland (Westukraine, Narewgebiet, striking country, Ruthenien, Wolhynien, Galizien) in the time of 1939 to 1940, formed the "Deutsch-sowjetische agreement over the resettlement of the ethnic Germans population from to the sphere of interest the USSR and the Ukrainian and Byelorussian population from the area of the earlier Polish state of the 16.11.1939", belonging to the sphere of interest of the German Realm;, that the resettlement conditions regulated.
In the comparison to the preceding Baltenaktion (Lettland, Estland, Litauen) were necessary due to the larger extent of the resettlers more authorities and agencies, which were active under demarcation of their field of application under the realm leader S of the nationality German as a realm commissioner for strengthening next to each other. The most substantial agencies were:

  • The evacuation command of the people-German central place (Vomi), which had to bring the resettlers to to the border to the Soviet Union to the Generalgouvernement.
  • The boss of the order police, for the resettlers during their stay in the Generalgouvernement was responsible to which.
  • The German National Railroad, which accomplished transports.
  • The people-German central place, which was responsible for the camp support in Litzmannstadt, in the old realm and Sudetengau, in agreement with the respective gau leaders.
  • The settlement staff of the higher SS- and police leader Warthe, which controlled the settlement due to the passing through a lock results of the immigrant central office.
  • The realm health leader, the NSV and the German red cross.

The immigrant central office Litzmannstadt played the substantial role during the resettlement action.
Quellen:Bestaende Bundesdarchiv - EWZ, Vomi, RKF

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